Timeline

1623

KING LOUIS XIII’S HUNTING LODGE

King of France Louis XIII started the construction of his hunting lodge in 1623, built to welcome him during game hunting trips...
READ MORE

September 5, 1638

BIRTH OF LOUIS XIV

Louis XIV was born in Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France. His father Louis XIII and his mother Anne d’Autriche had desperately awaited the birth...
READ MORE

September 21, 1640

BIRTH OF PHILIPPE

“Monsieur” Philippe I, Duke of Orleans was born two years after his brother Louis, on September 21st 1640...
READ MORE

May 14, 1643

DEATH OF LOUIS’ FATHER

The King of France, Louis XIII, died on May 14 1643 when Louis XIV was only 4 years old. Louis XIV then succeeded his father to the throne...
READ MORE

1648-1653

THE FRONDE

During the Fronde, a series of civil wars in France, the privileged groups of the nobility and the Parisian parlements, driven by hatred of Chief Minister Mazarin...
READ MORE

June 7, 1654

CORONATION OF LOUIS XIV

Louis XIV was officially crowned the King of France in the city of Reims on June 7th 1654. Nevertheless, he left the power in the hands of Chief Minister...
READ MORE

June 9, 1660

WEDDING OF LOUIS XIV
AND MARIE-THÉRÈSE

A marriage based in politics, Louis XIV chose duty over love and married Marie-Thérèse of Austria, daughter of the King of Spain...
READ MORE

1661

THE REIGN OF LOUIS XIV

In 1661, after the death of Chief Minister Mazarin, Louis XIV became the sole ruler of France at the age of 23 and broke tradition by choosing to rule...
READ MORE

1661

PALACE OF VERSAILLES

The year 1661 marked the start of architect Louis Le Veau and gardener André Le Nôtre’s work at Versailles, transforming what once was Louis XIII’s...
READ MORE

March 31, 1661

WEDDING OF PHILIPPE
AND HENRIETTA

First cousins Philippe and Henrietta married on March 31, 1661. Henrietta of England was the daughter of Charles I...
READ MORE

January 20, 1666

DEATH OF ANNE OF AUSTRIA

Louis XIV’s mother and Queen of France Anne of Austria died on January 20 1666 in Paris. Born in Spain on September 22 1601, she was the oldest...
READ MORE

1667-1670

SEASON 1

To tame the nobility and win absolute power, 28 years old Louis XIV launches the construction of Versailles. A trap is set...
READ MORE

1667-1668

WAR OF DEVOLUTION

In 1667, Louis declares war to Spain in the hopes of taking possession of the territories of Flandres and Brabant in the Spanish Netherlands...
READ MORE

June 1, 1670

TREATY OF DOVER

Allying France and England against the Dutch, the formal Treaty of Dover, as planned by Louis XIV, was concerned with an Anglo-French military...
READ MORE

June 30, 1670

DEATH OF HENRIETTA
OF ENGLAND

Born June 16th 1644, Henrietta Anne of England was the youngest child of England’s King Charles. She died on June 30th 1670...
READ MORE

1671

SEASON 2

Louis has completed the first phase of construction. Surrounded by corruption, greed and lewd behavior, he watches his dream crumble...
READ MORE

November 16, 1671

WEDDING OF PHILIPPE AND PRINCESS PALATINE

“Monsieur” Philippe married his second wife Elizabeth-Charlotte of Bavaria (Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate)...
READ MORE

April 1672-1678

THE FRANCO-DUTCH WAR

Louis XIV’s second war of conquest was fought to end the Dutch competition with the French trade and to extend the empire...
READ MORE

May 1672

THE WATER LINE

In May 1672, the Dutch stopped the King’s advance on Amsterdam by opening the dikes of the Old Hollandic Water Line...
READ MORE

July 1672

WILLIAM OF ORANGE TAKES THE DUTCH LEADERSHIP

In 1672, Dutch peace proposals were spurned by the French, a revolution broke out and...
READ MORE

Late 1672

PRINCESS PALATINE IS PREGNANT

In late 1672, Princess Palatine became pregnant with the first of three children she would have with her husband Philippe...
READ MORE

September 1, 1715

DEATH OF LOUIS XIV

On September 1st 1715, Louis XIV passed away from gangrene in Versailles, just four days before his 77th birthday. His death also marked the end...
READ MORE